When attempting to use Connect-MsolService with an MFA-enabled admin account you may receive a legacy auth prompt as opposed to a modern auth prompt. This incorrect prompt is due to the MSOnline PowerShell module being out of date.
If you were to enter credentials in the legacy prompt you would be unable to connect and would receive the following cryptic error.
Connect-MsolService : Exception of type 'Microsoft.Online.Administration.Automation.MicrosoftOnlineException' was thrown.
At line:1 char:1
CategoryInfo : OperationStopped: (:) [Connect-MsolService], MicrosoftOnlineException
FullyQualifiedErrorId : 0x800434D4,Microsoft.Online.Administration.Automation.ConnectMsolService
So, all we need to do is update, right?
Well, depending on how you originally installed the MSOnline module the update process may not be intuitive as you might think.
Update the MSOnline PowerShell module
To determine what version of the MSOnline module you have installed on your machine, run the following:
C:\> Get-Module -Name MSOnline
ModuleType Version Name
---------- ------- ----
Manifest 1.0 MSOnline
In the example above you can see we have the original release of the MSOnline PowerShell module. To see what modules are available to download from the PowerShell gallery, run the following command.
C:\> Find-Module -Name MSOnline
Version Name Repository Description
------- ---- ---------- -----------
188.8.131.52 MSOnline PSGallery Microsoft Azure Active Directory Module
From this output, we can see version 1.1 is available.
Typically at this point, you would run the Install-Module command and get the latest version of the MSOnline module from the PowerShell Gallery. You would then be updated, and life would be good.
However, because version 1.0 was delivered as a standalone MSI we actually have to uninstall it first from Control Panel. If we don’t we will get all sorts of errors when trying to update, including recommendations by PowerShell to do a side-by-side or forced installation. All of which will error out anyway.
To remove version 1.0, navigate to Control Panel and Programs and Features. From the Uninstall or change a program dialog, select Windows Azure Active Directory Module for Windows PowerShell and click Uninstall. Click Yes to confirm.
Now let’s switch back to PowerShell and run the Install-Module command.
Note: You may be prompted to allow installation from an untrusted repository. With this being a known module from the PowerShell Gallery, type Yes and press enter. However, it is always wise to scrutinize all modules, regardless of where they are sourced.
C:\> Install-Module -Name MSOnline
You are installing the modules from an untrusted repository. If you trust this repository, change its InstallationPolicy value by running the Set-PSRepository cmdlet. Are you sure you want to install the modules from 'PSGallery'?
[Y] Yes [A] Yes to All [N] No [L] No to All [S] Suspend [?] Help (default is "N"): Y
With the module updated you will need to close and reopen any PowerShell windows. With a new PowerShell window open, run the Connect-MsolService command. You should now be able to authenticate using MFA.
Have you run into this issue? What did you do to fix it? Drop a comment below or join the conversation on Twitter